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past perfect
present perfect


all future tenses explained separately;


to download a complete explanation of all future tenses in Word format, please click here

to download a complete explanation of all other tenses in Word format, please click here

   simple:  progressive:

a) simple general statements (something that is true/false)

b) habits (in the present)

c) descriptions (in the present)


a) things that are happening right now

b) temporary situations, exceptions from regular situations

c) complaints, expressions of anger and annoyance



Base Form   (+ 3rd Person “s”)


am/are/is + “ing”-Form


 example: a) The sun rises in the east.

b) We always go to school by bus.

c) The car is yellow with blue stripes.

a) Listen, she is crying!

b) He is working in a bar although usually he works as a teacher.

c) The bus is always coming late.

 time indicators:

always, never, often, seldom, rarely, sometimes, usually, as a rule, regularly, every day/weekend, every now and then, normally, generally, frequently, ...


now, at the moment, currently, in this moment, listen!, look!, watch out!

 note: Unlike present tenses in many other languages, the English present tenses can usually NOT be used with a future aspect! Find out more about future tenses HERE!
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