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|>> grammar rules|
|- modal verbs||books - DVD - CD|
|- reported speech|
a) actions that ended in the past but have a consequence for the present
b) something that happened in the unspecified past – it is not important when it happened
a) actions that started in the past, are still happening and will continue in the future
b) background information and longer actions that have not yet ended
have/has + 3rd Form
have/has + been + “ing”-form
|example:||a) I have
forgotten to call, so he is angry now.
b) I have
seen the teacher already.
|a) I have been reading
a good book lately – it has 200 pages and I am reading page 40 right
b) He has been waiting in the rain for 20 minutes already.
since/for, yet, already, lately, recently, just, this week/ month/ year...
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